Chapter 1- Quick Facts about Sorsogon City
  • With the coming of the Spanish colonizers in the 1600s, Bacon was organized into a visita of the town of Casiguran, one of the oldest settlements in Luzon. The municipality of Sorsogon, whose original Site was in Sitio Pocdol in Capuy, was in turn, a visita of Bacon. As its population increased, however, Sorsogon was declared an independent, full-fledged parish in 1628.
  • The Pueblo Civil de Bacon was established in 1754, with Juan Elias as its first gobernadorcillo. Sorsogon on the other hand, became an independent political unit in 1864.
  • From their organization as visitas and eventually as independent pueblos, both Bacon and Sorsogon remained under the territorial jurisdiction of the province of Albay. On October 17, 1894, the Spanish authorities organized a geographical unit independent from Albay, with the town of Sorsogon as its seat of government. The new province adopted the name of the town and has since been known as the Province of Sorsogon
  • The City of Sorsogon was created by virtue of Republic Act 8806, which was signed into law on August 16, 2000 and ratified during a plebiscite on December 16, 2000. RA 8806, also known as the Cityhood Law, called for the merger of the municipalities of Sorsogon and Bacon into a component city of the Province of Sorsogon. Sorsogon thus, functioned as a full-pledged city on June 30, 2001, with the assumption into office of the first city officials.

Location and Total Land Area

  • Sorsogon City covers 31,292 hectares. (312
  • In the Philippine map, Sorsogon City lies from 1230 53’ to 1240 09’ east longitude and from 120 55” to 130 08 north latitude. It is 600 km southeast of Manila and is located at the southernmost tip of Luzon.
  • The city is bounded on the east by the municipalities of Pto. Diaz and Gubat, on the south by the municipality of Casiguran and Sorsogon Bay, on the west by the municipality of Castilla, on the northeast by the municipality of Manito in Albay, and on the north by Albay Gulf.   Sorsogon is part of the geographical chain linking Luzon to the rest of the Philippines. It is a transshipment corridor and serves as the seat of the Province of Sorsogon.


  • Mountain range on the northwest, sloping uplands on the central part, plain areas south western and central north and southeast portion, and marshlands on the southeast deltas.

Climate and Rainfall

  • The Climate of Sorsogon City is under Type II of the Coronas classification system. Under Type II, there is no pronounced dry season but with very pronounced maximum rain from November to January.

Population Count

  • According to 2015 Philippine Statistical Authority survey, Sorsogon City has a total population of 168,110.
  • Between 2010 and 2015, Sorsogon City population grew by an average of 1.54% annually.
  • As of year, 2015, the aggregate population of rural barangays is 88, 898 or 52.88% of the City’s total population while the aggregate population of urban barangays is 79,212 or 47.11%.
  • Using the land area of 312 sq km. as base, the City has 601 persons per square kilometer. The urban barangay has the densest population per hectare. The barangays of Bitan-o/Dalipay, Burabod, Polvorista, Salog, Sampaloc, Sirangan, Sulucan and Talisay has very high population density. Having 519 persons per hectare, Barangay Sirangan is considered as the densest rural barangay.
  • Compare to the urban barangays, rural barangays have low density per hectare with Cambulaga as densest at 119 persons per hectare.
  • Sorsogon City population is relatively young. Children and youth comprise more than half (54%) of the total population with a total number of 66, 398.
  • The school-going population (5 -24 years old) is 52,535 or 31.25% of Sorsogon City’s population while the working age population (15-64 years old) is 73,184 or 43.53%.
  • Bicol is the primary dialect of Sorsoganons.  Tagalog and English are widely used. The population is 95% Roman Catholic. Other denominations present are Iglesia ni Cristo, Evangelicals, Buddhist, Jehovah’s Witnesses’, Seventh Day Adventists and Church of Christ of the Latter Day Saints.  A growing Muslim community is also visible.
  • Bikol is the ethnicity of 94% of the population. Ethnic groups present in the city are Tagalog, Kankanai, Bisaya, Ilocano, Cebuano, Waray, Hiligaynon, Ilonngo and Ifugao.
Social Services
  • Sorsogon City serves as the seat of education of the province. There are sixty-eight (68) public twelve (12) private elementary schools with 22,202 and 1,712 enrollees for Year 2019 respectively.  In the same year, for Junior High School, there are 18 public school with 14,692 enrollees and 10 private school with 2,329 enrollees and one state university with 243 enrollees.   
  • For Senior High School, there are 17 public school, 15 private schools and one state university with 5,081, 2,453 and 192 enrollees respectively.
  • There are 68 public and 8 private kindergarten schools and 97 Day Care Centers are being managed by the City Government and Barangay LGU.
  • For tertiary education, one (1) state college and eleven (11) privately-owned colleges which offers various courses.
  • Curative health services are provided mainly by three (3) tertiary hospitals (private and government owned), one secondary private hospital and several private medical and dental clinics. These facilities cater not only to people from the City but also from the neighboring municipalities.
  • The City Health Office (CHO) provides primary medical care of Sorsogon City with three (3) Rural Health Units and sixty-nine (69) Barangay Health Stations.
  • As of December 2019, a total manpower of 536 health workers composed of the following. Refer to Table 1.


Type of Personnel





P – 3     JO – 1


P – 10   JO – 16

Medical Technologies

P – 3      JO – 1




P – 1     JO – 1

Rural Health Midwives

P – 24  JO – 48

Rural Sanitary Inspector

P – 2     JO – 2

Laboratory Aid

JO – 4

Dental Aid

 P -2     JO – 2

Medical Aid

JO – 3

Utility Worker

P – 2    JO – 9

Barangay Health Workers


Barangay Nutrition Scholar


Administrative Officer


Computer Operator

P – 1    JO – 3


P – 5    JO – 4


P – 64 JO – 472

Table 1. City Health Office Manpower Complement, Year 2018

  • For the sources of water, 72% of the total households have access to potable water supply. Most houses living in the rural barangays source their water from artesian and deep wells constructed by the Barangay Water System Administrative Project (BAWASA), while households residing in urban barangays are being supplied by the Sorsogon Water District.